This study explores the dynamics of international economic collaboration supported by municipalities in global competition. In the knowledge economy, the competitiveness of cities and regions depends on their ability to create innovation within their geographic area. The first mission of municipality is to protect the lives and property of residents in the region which jurisdiction is clearly designated. But for developing regional economy, municipalities implement economic promotion measures even in overseas.
The research purpose is shown in Chapter 1. Chapter 2 confirmed prior research on regional public policy and cluster theory. Two key concepts “global pipeline” and “gatekeeper” are examined as the function of developing industrial cluster. In Chapter 3, municipal governmental overseas offices are analyzed from their function and the location. We clarify municipality had been setting up overseas bases in the past due to administrative and political reasons such as sister city relations, but in recent years, in order to gain business benefits such as support for overseas expansion of local companies. The number of municipal overseas bases tends to increase from the year of 1981 to 2011, showing that municipalities has been strongly required to build networks with foreign countries.
In Chapter 4, through case analysis of municipal water and sewerage service going overseas, it is pointed out that municipality can work as a global pipeline, creating business opportunities as demand overseas for regional water business companies. In Chapter 5, the case of exhibiting at the international trade fair by municipalities are examined. And in Chapter 6, the concept of smart specialization which is popular in European regional policy is explored. The issue of international city collaboration by Japanese municipalities in Asia is discussed.
The main objective of this study is that municipalities play critical roles in upgrading the local economy by facilitating the flow of information and ideas among firms and research institutions overseas on the bases of intergovernmental relationships with their counterparts abroad
|PROVIDING PUBLIC GOODS AND COMMONS. TOWARDS COPRODUCTION AND NEW FORMS OF GOVERNANCE FOR A REVIVAL OF PUBLIC ACTION by Philippe BANCE (dir.)March 2018
Chapter 4: Redefining the borders between public, social economy and for-profit organizations in the provision of public services: The case of Japan
Shinichi Saito, Munenori Nomura, Fumitoshi Mizutani & Francis Rawlinson
Providing public goods and commons. Towards coproduction and new forms of governance for a revival of public action, directed by Philippe Bance, is now published on CIRIEC International website.
This book is the first one of the new “CIRIEC STUDIES SERIES”.
To facilitate accessibility to those research works, this electronic series is proposed in open access, on CIRIEC’s website, but also as new series in RePEC.
Each study is available and downloadable as a whole document but also chapter by chapter.